Cyber-crime is a growing problem that has begun to invade almost every part of the internet. There are numerous ways criminals can attack individuals and businesses online, from traditional fraud or theft, to leaking personal data and hijacking websites through ransomware or distributed denial of service (DDoS) attacks. At ReputationDefender, we help businesses shore up their defenses against these threats which can damage the company’s reputation and leave its leaders struggling to regain control of personal data.
Unfortunately, not every battle is winnable. There are many targeted online attacks, called Advanced Persistent Threats (APT), which are carried out by a massive organization (often a nation-state) with a lot of resources at their disposal. The latest big DDoS attacks also have the ability to knock out huge swaths of the internet for a short period of time, and they are very difficult to defend against.
Most Online Crime is Preventable
However, the majority of cyber-crime instances occur as a result of human error or systems that aren’t secure. People who fail to practice basic hygiene are more likely to get sick or spread disease to others and the same is true of online viruses and malware. Companies that succeed in blocking most access channels will send hackers on to easier targets. Basic cyber-hygiene won’t protect against every threat, but it will make it much less likely that your company will be one of the unlucky ones.
- Education – A chain is only as strong as its weakest link and in this case that means the employee with the least amount of tech experience. Reduce the risk by educating everyone with computer access in basic security protocols, such as password strength and phishing scam recognition. Make sure anyone with home access is running security software.
- Use Available Resources – There are a number of online sites that have a lot of information on cyber-security. In the UK, the Get Safe Online site offers valuable resources for companies and individuals who want to protect their privacy. Do not assume that you know everything; read the experts’ advice and then share it with other staff members.
- Update Regularly – Microsoft, Adobe and other office software offer regular updates and security patches. It is extremely important to make sure someone is in charge of installing these; they’re often designed specifically to close vulnerabilities that criminals have learned to exploit.
- Invest in Security – Viruses and malware are constantly changing. At some point, technology from ten years ago simply won’t protect against modern threats. Up-to-date security might seem like a big investment, but it’s nothing to what the company will lose through direct stealing or reputation damage if it’s hacked.
- Perform Internal Audits – Security issues do not go away if you ignore them; they get worse. It’s worth hiring a professional to perform regular audits so you can diagnose the company’s weakest areas and work on fixing them.
Ultimately, combating cyber-crime will take a concerted effort amongst international and governmental agencies to track down these individuals and eliminate all the different ways they can attack. However in the short term, companies can accomplish a lot by making sure their own security practices are first rate.